The livelihoods of coffee communities are increasingly at risk. How do they cope with coffee price volatility, poor labour conditions and the impact of climate change all at once? In Colombia, ANEI initiated the Sacred Sierra coffeelands programme, to demonstrate their model for sustainable production and trade. It is based on local ownership, indigenous values, rural job creation and regenerative agricultural practices. This document shares the importance of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta landscape and is an invitation to join a movement to protect the Heart of the World.
The Sierra Nevada de Santa Maria is home to more than 50.000 inhabitants among four indigenous communities, direct descendants of the ancient Tayrona culture. This landscapes is a place of worship - no less worthy of veneration than a temple, church, or mosque. As guardians of the earth, they believe it is their duty to protect natural resources and show an ecological alternative to industrialized societies. To the indigenous communities of the Sierra, this landscape is the literal, beating heart of the world.
ANEI was established in 1995 and is the organization of native agro-ecological farmers in the coffeelands of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. It is led by Aurora Izquierdo, the first Arhuaca nave woman to earn a degree in agronomy. Currently, ANEI sources from over 500 farming families and this Fairtrade certified cooperative is Colombia’s largest exporter of organic coffee.
The Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta is the highest coastal mountain range in the world. Shaped like a pyramid the mountain climbs through multiple ecological zones. From the wetlands and mangroves along the coast, through tropical rain forests, deserts and alpine tundra, unl finally reaching the snow-capped peaks. Because of the exceptional set of bio-cultural characteristics, UNESCO declared the region a Biosphere Reserve of Man and Humanity in 1979. The region is a recognized biodiversity hotspot and one of the world's most irreplaceable protected areas for conservation of threatened species.
Despite its protected status and the success of ANEI, the region is under constant pressure, experiencing high rates of deforestation and environmental degradation due to cale grazing, mining, mass tourism and the construction of mega dams. The increasing impact of climate change is further jeopardizing the livelihoods of the communities and biodiversity of the land.
Implementation of this initiative is owned and directed by ANEI and associated communities, based on their beliefs, values and needs. An important pillar of this programme will be community stewardship to establish and monitor biological corridors, restoration of deforested and degraded lands, and protection of rivers and streams.
ANEI builds on 26 years of experience in Organic certified coffee with the aim to create the highest standard for sustainability: the world’s first Regenerave Coffee- Cocoa Landscape. This iniave will go beyond individually cerfied farms blending agriculture, conservation and culture at the regional level. With organically grown coffee and cocoa as its foundation, this model combines traditional knowledge and new insights in sustainable agriculture practices, to facilitate landscape management and investments.
ANEI and its domestic and international partners are designing a rural development plan to promote the creation of decent jobs in the region. These jobs relate to the production, processing and trade of sustainable coffee and cocoa, manufacturing of bio-fertilizers, monetizing ecosystem services, promotion of sustainable tourism, and involving youth in research and reforestation projects.
A suite of Open Source tools are being developed to support ANEI in managing this iniave. This includes mobile applications for data collection of farm level acvies, GIS mapping tools to monitor landscapes, dash boards to support coordination with partners and social media to directly engage with consumers. These tools will facilitate research partners to explore the valuation of ecosystem services and monitor climate change.
To ANEI, coffee and cocoa are vehicles to share values and wisdom. Through this initiative ANEI inspires a new generation of sustainability practitioners and conscious consumers. Via retreats, training programs and a communication campaign ANEI invites us to reconnect with nature and experience sustainability.
Simply targeting coffee production as a variable that can be isolated, has led to scaling paral solutions as proxies for sustainability. Certifications, Public Private Partnerships, Finance Schemes, Tech solutions all have pieces to the sustainability puzzle, yet they are not quite fing together.
We believe traditional ecological knowledge within indigenous communities is the missing piece of the puzzle. If we want to move away from a Northern driven framing and interpretation of sustainability towards a more equal approach, we will need more agency by stakeholders in origin. Demonstrating the value and potential of such a model is what the Sacred Sierra iniave is all about.
The initiative is driven and directed by ANEI, supported by Ethos Agriculture, and is part of the 1000 Landscapes Initiative. A coalition driven to reimagine coffee sustainability and provide a viable alternative to destructive production and trade models. To learn more about the initiative please contact: info(at)ethosagriculture.com